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Information about tests

Per- and polyfluorinated alkyl compounds (PFAS)

Per- and polyfluorinated alkyl compounds (PFAS) are a group of more than 10,000 estimated substances that are used in packaging, for example, due to their surface activity and thus their grease and water-repellent properties as well as their heat stability, but are also used as process aids and polymerization aids, surfactants, sealants or in paints. As they are not easily biodegradable, they are also referred to as "eternity chemicals". Some of these substances are absorbed by humans through food or drinking water. Of the relatively few well-studied PFAS, most are considered to be moderately to highly toxic, especially for children's development. In 2018, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) re-evaluated the diverse evidence on the toxicity of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and in 2020 set tolerable weekly intake (TWI) limits of 4.4 ng/kg body weight per day in some foods. The assessment concluded that a significant proportion of the European population is likely to exceed the TWI limit due to the intake of PFAS through food and drinking water.

test method:specific migration (SML)/ NIAS- Screening/ Single substance analyses/ GC- MS- analysis
Norms: Hausverfahren (externer Anbieter)
Needed sample size:10 g for residual content determinations, 5 DIN A4 sheets or 5 articles for migrations, wrapped in aluminum foil to avoid contamination

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C9-C14 PFCA (acc. REACH Annex XVII No. 68)
Verification of the requirements for C9-C14 PFCA according to Regulation (EC) no. 1907/2006 (REACH), Annex XVII No. 68


PFHxA (incl. related compounds) (acc. PPWR + ECHA proposal)
Examination of the requirements for PFHxA and related compounds according to the draft of the EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Regulation (PPWR) and the ECHA proposal. This multi-method is currently used to detect more than 100 PFAS.


PFOS/ PFOA (acc. Reg on POP)
Verification of the requirements for PFOS/PFAS according to Regulation (EU) 2019/1021 on persistent organic pollutants (POP)


TF - Total fluorine (acc. PPWR + ECHA proposal)
Determination of the total fluorine content (TF) or the content of total organic fluorine (TOF)




back to overview specific migration (SML)/ NIAS- Screening/ Single substance analyses/ GC- MS- analysis